GOAL™

Goal-Oriented Assessment of Lifeskills

Lucy J. Miller, Ph.D., OTR , Thomas Oakland, Ph.D., David S. Herzberg, Ph.D.

An innovative new evaluation of functional motor abilities needed for daily living


GOAL™

Overview

Overview

An innovative new evaluation of functional motor abilities needed for daily living. Designed for children 7 to 17, the GOAL consists of seven activities, comprised of fun and motivating tasks based on real occupations of a child's daily life. Each activity is linked to intervention targets that help turn assessment results into a specific, goal-oriented treatment plan.

  • standardized
  • psychometrically precise
  • offers and ecologically valid description of a child's competencies and opportunities for growth
  • Assesses both Fine Motor and Gross Motor activities

Key Areas Measured


Key Areas Measured

Fine Motor:

  • Utensils
  • Locks
  • Paper Box
  • Notebook

Gross Motor:

  • Clothes
  • Ball Play
  • Tray Carry

Quick Reference

Age

Age

7 to 17

Administration Type

Administration Type

Self

Administration Time

Administration Time

45 to 60 Minutes

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

C

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

Quick Reference

Age

Age

7 to 17

Administration Type

Administration Type

Self

Administration Time

Administration Time

45 to 60 Minutes

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

C

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

How To Use

How To Use

Reliability and Validity

Reliability and Validity

Normative Data

Normative Data

In this individually administered assessment, the child performs seven Activities representing a range of functional tasks.

Activities

Fine Motor:

  • Utensils: Using a knife, fork, and spoon to cut, spear, and scoop
  • Locks: Opening keyed and combination padlocks
  • Paper Box: Coloring, cutting, folding, and taping a paper construction project
  • Notebook: Organizing and filling a three-ring binder
    • Gross Motor:
      • Clothes: Putting on and taking off a T-shirt and shorts
      • Ball Play: Bouncing and kicking a ball
      • Tray Carry: Carrying a loaded tray and avoiding obstacles

      The GOAL scores are based on 54 Steps—small units of easily observable, functional behavior within the seven Activities. These are scored based on three elements of successful functional performance: accuracy, independence, and speed. Using the Record Form, each Step is scored pass or fail; then the Step scores are summed to yield the Fine Motor and Gross Motor Standard Scores, as well as the Progress Score.

      The Standard Scores enable you to compare the child you are testing to peers of the same age and gender, and can help to determine eligibility for therapeutic services and placement in special education programs. The Progress Score is a single index of the child’s overall ability to perform functional tasks, and can be used to track improvement over time.

Statistical analysis of the GOAL demonstrates good reliability and validity. In addition, it also provides clear evidence that it is a useful tool for distinguishing typically developing children from clinic-referred children, including those with sensory and motor disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorders, ADHD, and Learning Disabilities.

Reliability

Analysis of the standardization sample shows acceptable internal consistency correlations for both the Fine and Gross Motor Standard Scores (all >.75). These are consistently higher in the clinical sample (>.84), which represents the target population for the GOAL Activities. Internal reliability for the Progress Score is .90. Test–retest reliability data for the clinical sample demonstrate acceptable correlations of .76 for the Fine Motor Standard Score and .77 for the Gross Motor Standard Score.

Validity

Convergent validity data were collected for four assessments: the Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests (SIPT), the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM), the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOT-2), and the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System, Second Edition (ABAS-II). Scores generally correlate in expected ways with these measures, showing acceptable evidence of construct validity.

Reliably Distinguishing Typically Developing Children From Clinic-Referred Children

The differences in mean standard scores between the standardization and clinical samples represent large, clinically significant effect sizes. Analysis from the samples demonstrate good sensitivity and specificity:

  • 74% of the clinical sample had Fine Motor Standard Scores of 85 or less
  • 85% of the standardization sample had Fine Motor Standard Scores of 86 or more
  • 79% of the clinical sample had Gross Motor Scores at or below 85
  • 87% of the standardization sample had Gross Motor Scores at or above 85

The GOAL Activities were standardized on a sample of 616 children ages 7 to 17, drawn from all four geographic regions of the United States. A clinical sample of 152 children referred to occupational therapy for mild to moderate sensory and/or motor challenges was also collected.

Pricing
Online

Online

Assess easily online from anywhere. Includes automatic scoring and report generation.

Software

Software

Requires software. Includes automatic scoring and report generation.

Handscored

Handscored

QuikScore forms are scored by hand without reports.

Starter Kits
Certification

Starter Kits

Simulations
Certification

Simulations

Kits

GOAL Kit

25 Record Forms, Pad of 25 Paper Box Sheets, Stimulus Easel and Manual

Handscored
CA: $410.00

Forms

Goal Record Forms

Goal Record Forms

Handscored
CA: $62.00
(Sold in packs of 25)

Ortiz PVAT Licenses

Ortiz PVAT Licenses

Online Scoring

Online Scoring

Supplementary Materials

Supplementary Materials

Other Materials

Other Materials

Goal Stimulus Easel

Goal Stimulus Easels

Default Title
CA:
$91.00

Goal Paper Box Sheet

Goal Paper Box Sheets

Default Title
CA:
$27.00

Goal Manual

Goal Manual

Default Title
CA:
$91.00